2310Employment Support for Persons with Disabilities▶Simulated workplace in the Job Design Support Program■ Vocational Rehabilitation Research and Training The NIVR develops and improves the support methods for persons with developmental disabilities, mental disabilities, and higher brain dysfunctions, for which traditional methods of support are ineffective due to the increasing severity and diversication of such disabilities. Effective support methods developed through actual support for such individuals are integrated into Reports on Practical Support Methods and Support Manuals, and are provided to Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities and the relevant agencies. In addition, Support Technique Dissemination Training is also conducted.Development of Effective Vocational Rehabilitation MethodsTraining of Vocational Counselors and Vocational Training InstructorsTraining of Vocational Rehabilitation Staff in the Medical and Welfare Fields The NIVR offers systematic training according to the position and years of experience to the vocational counselors and vocational training instructors for persons with disabilities stationed at Local and Large Region Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities in order to provide them with knowledge and skills needed for vocational rehabilitation specialists in order to improve the quality of their services. Targeting the personnel responsible for employment support for persons with disabilities in the Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities and other related organizations in the medical, welfare and education fields, the NIVR offers the following trainings for them to acquire the basic vocational rehabilitation knowledge and skills required for employment support and improvement of the quality of their services.Education and Training of Vocational Rehabilitation Specialists❶Education and Training of Job Coaches ❷Support Skills Training of Job Coaches ❹Employment Support Practical Training❺Employment Support Skill Improvement Training❸Training of Personnel Responsible for Employ-ment Support at Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities This program is carried out for training job coaches, some of whom are stationed at Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities, and others belong to the welfare institutions, etc. (dispatched type) and companies (assigned type). The training aims to promote acquisition of technical knowledge and support methods required to become a job coach by combining the training conducted at the NIVR and the regional training at the Local Vocational Centers. This training for the job coaches, who have a certain amount of practical experience, aims to improve their skills to support workers with disabilities and employers in areas such as employment management and assessment. This seminar, held at the Local Vocational Centers in 12 areas nationwide, targets the personnel responsible for supporting the employment of persons with disabilities, with more than 2 years’ practical experiences at institutions involving labor, medical care, welfare or education, in order to develop their practical support skills according to the type of disability, such as mental disability, developmental disability, and higher brain dysfunction. This seminar targets the personnel responsible for employment support of persons with disabilities, with more than 3 years’ practical experiences at institutions involving labor, medical care, welfare or education, in order to improve their employment support techniques according to the type of disability, such as mental disability, developmental disability and higher brain dysfunction, utilizing the outcomes of research and support methods developed in the NIVR. The objective of this training is to provide the knowledge and support methods necessary in performing the tasks of personnel responsible for employment support at Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities, as well as to improve their support skills.