Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities and Large Region Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities provide vocational rehabilitation services to meet the various needs of persons with disabilities and employers in order to promote the employment and employment security of disabled individuals.
Providing vocational counselors for persons with disabilities and working in close cooperation with related bodies such as public employment offices (Hello Work), Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities,hospitals, and special needs schools, these centers serve as core vocational rehabilitation facilities in each prefecture by offering vocational rehabilitation services based on local needs.
In order to promote the development of infrastructures and improvement of the quality of vocational rehabilitation services, the National Institute of Vocational Rehabilitation (NIVR) conducts research on vocational rehabilitation services, development of techniques, and training of professional personnel.
The employment of persons with disabilities in many cases requires employers to take special steps, such as workplace facility and equipment modifications, workplace environment changes, and adoption of special personnel management programs. Since these measures involve a financial outlay, an economic imbalance arises between employers who fulfill their social responsibility to employ disabled workers and those who do not.
The Levy and Grant System for Employing Persons with Disabilities is based on the principle of collective social responsibility, which claims that the responsibility for employing persons with disabilities must be borne equally by all employers.
Based on the Law for Employment Promotion of Persons with Disabilities, the system has been set up to balance the financial burdens that accompany employment of persons with disabilities among employers, as well as to provide support and advice to employers in order to promote and secure employment of persons with disabilities.