Japan Organization for Employment of the Elderly, Persons with Disabilities and Job Seekers
Local Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities and Large Region Vocational Centers for Persons with Disabilities provide vocational rehabilitation* services to meet the various needs of persons with disabilities and employers in order to promote the employment and employment security of disabled individuals.
*In the Law for Employment Promotion of Persons with Disabilities, "vocational rehabilitation" is defined as taking the measures stipulated in the law, including vocational guidance, vocational training, and employment placement, for promoting vocational independence of persons with disabilities (Article 2, Paragraph 7).
Providing vocational counselors for persons with disabilities and working in close cooperation with related bodies such as public employment offices (Hello Work), Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities, hospitals, and special needs schools, these centers serve as core vocational rehabilitation facilities in each prefecture by offering vocational rehabilitation services based on local needs.
The centers elicit individual employment desires, evaluate vocational capability, and provide consultation and guidance. Based on this process, the centers create a Vocational Rehabilitation Plan according to individual conditions, including support content and assistance methods for adjustment to the workplace.
▲Work preparetion support
Through work experience, lectures for work preparation, and social skill training (SST) at the centers, development of the basic labor habits required at business establishments, improvement of work performance capacity, general communication ability, and interpersonal communication ability are promoted.
Personalized curriculum based on the individual situation is prepared by combining the "support by utilizing work practice in simulated worksite", "lectures for work preparation", "self-reliance support curriculum (for persons with mental disabilities)" and "work support curriculum* (for persons with developmental disabilities)”.
After work preparation support, the centers move on to employment placement through Hello Work, the support of job coaches, etc.
*This curriculum has been conducted in all the local vocational centers as well as in Tama Chapter since April 2013.
Individuals determined as having intellectual disabilities or severe intellectual disabilities at the centers are also targeted for employment measures, including calculation of disabled workers for employment quotas.
▲Advice and assistance for employers
The centers analyze the needs of employers regarding the employment of persons with disabilities and the problems in employment management, and also provide information and consultation for employing persons with disabilities. According to their needs, the centers create Employer Support Plans and continue to provide professional advice and assistance regarding employment management.
▲Support offered by job coaches
In order to assist persons with intellectual disabilities and persons with mental disabilities in smoothly adjusting to the workplace, the centers dispatch job coaches to workplaces to provide direct and professional support to such persons and their employers based on individual disability traits.
In cooperation with attending physicians, the centers provide professional and comprehensive support for employers and persons with mental disabilities in order to satisfy the various needs of new employment, returning to work, and continuation of employment.
The following support is provided to promote a smooth return to work for persons with mental health problems that have been on leave.
(1) Coordination for returning to work
Through consultations involving the person with mental health problems, his/her employer, and attending physician, assistance is provided to reach a consensus among the three parties regarding the process and goals of returning to work.
(2) "Re-work Support" (Support for returning to work)
▲Social skill training in the Re-work Support
Based on the Re-work Support Plan, the centers use work practice and lectures to provide persons with mental health problems with the support required to improve their capacity to adapt, including life rhythm reorganization, improvement of concentration and endurance, health control, and stress management. The centers provide support also to employers for developing the environment to accept these workers (creation of a re-work plan, education of supervisors and coworkers, etc.).
The experience of working at the place to which the persons with mental health problems will return (rehabilitation work) is then simulated as a "warm-up" toward returning to work.
In order for persons with mental disabilities to move forward smoothly with employment and work adjustment, the centers provide work preparation support and work adjustment guidance based on the Vocational Rehabilitation Plan, which is designed according to individual circumstances. In order for employers to move forward smoothly with the employment and continuation of employment of persons with mental disabilities, the centers provide advice and assistance regarding employment management, including recruitment planning, along with work adjustment guidance. According to their needs, the centers provide support by job coaches and follow-up services in order to promote the continuation of stable employment.
As the core institutions for vocational rehabilitation services in each region, the centers provide services in close cooperation with Hello Work and the employment support institutions concerned.
The centers provide professional and technical advice and assistance related to vocational rehabilitation, including ways of formulating support plans and implementing support as well as methods of coordinating with other organizations, to relevant institutions such as Employment and Life Support Centers for Persons with Disabilities and work transition support providers.
In addition, the centers promote acquisition of the necessary basic knowledge and skills for implementing effective vocational rehabilitation by offering a Basic Employment Support Course to work transition support providers and employees responsible for employment support at welfare agencies and organizations related to medical care.
Furthermore, the centers hold a Local Vocational Rehabilitation Promotion Forum for the institutions and facilities concerned as well as employers, and promote the establishment of a common recognition of employment support for persons with disabilities in order to promote the development of local vocational rehabilitation networks.
The centers provide services such as on-the-job training at business establishments and case studies, which are part of the job coach training program.
With assigned vocational counselors for persons with disabilities and vocational training instructors, these centers provide vocational rehabilitation services, including vocational evaluation, guidance and training in cooperation with medical rehabilitation facilities.
The National Vocational Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities and the National Kibi-Kogen Vocational Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities actively take in persons with disabilities from large regions throughout the country who require special support for vocational training, including persons with mental disabilities, developmental disabilities, and higher brain dysfunctions, and implement pioneering vocational training.
Based on the results of such activities, these centers develop vocational training content and teaching techniques for persons with disabilities who require special support for vocation training. In addition to compiling manuals, etc., they offer information widely through exchange meetings for instructors of ability development for persons with disabilities and training for vocational training instructors at other vocational ability development facilities, in order to help raise the overall level of vocational training for persons with disabilities.
In cooperation with the National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities located next to the facility, this Center conducts vocational evaluation, guidance and training through a unified system with vocational counselors for persons with disabilities and vocational training instructors.
Vocational evaluation, vocational guidance, vocational training, and vocational adaptation guidance
Vocational training fields:
Machinery, electric/electronic engineering, architectural drafting, information processing, office business, sales/logistics, and hotel service
In cooperation with the Kibi-Kogen Medical Rehabilitation Center, which is under the jurisdiction of the Japan Labour Health and Welfare Organization and located on the same premises, this Center also conducts vocational evaluation, guidance, and training through a unified system with vocational counselors for persons with disabilities and vocational training instructors.
Vocational evaluation, vocational guidance, vocational training, vocational adaptation guidance, and daily life guidance
Vocational training fields:
Mechatronics, machinery, electric/electronic engineering, information processing, office business, clerical work/sales/logistics, and cooking assistance/restaurant service